Агар Рака Рей Raka-Ray Agar, упак 500 г, с хранения OXOID, РАСПРОДАЖА

Агар Рака Рей Raka-Ray Agar, упак 500 г, с хранения OXOID, РАСПРОДАЖАУвеличить

380.00 руб


380.00 руб за упак

Код товара: 6394

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Гарантиный срок хранения истек в октябре 2016.

Количество ограничено!

Цена указана за упаковку 500 г


Артикул производителя: CM0777

The addition of phenylethanol and cycloheximide forms a selective medium for the isolation of lactic acid bacteria in beer and brewing processes.
Yeast extract
Liver concentrate
Betaine HCL
Diammonium hydrogen-citrate
Potassium aspartate
Potassium glutamate
Magnesium sulphate. 7H2O
Manganese sulphate. 4H2O
Potassium phosphate
N-acetyl glucosamine
pH 5.4 ± 0.2
per litre
0.1% cycloheximide solution †
7.0 ml
Sorbitan mono-oleate
10 ml
3.0 g
† 0.1% Cycloheximide Solution SR0222

Suspend 77.1 grams in 1 litre of distilled water. Add 10 ml of sorbitan mono-oleate and 7 ml of 0.1% Cycloheximide Solution (SR0222). Sterilise by autoclaving at 121°C for 15 minutes. Cool to 50-55°C and aseptically add 3 grams of phenylethanol. Pour into sterile Petri dishes or distribute into 4 ml volumes held at 55°C if the overlay technique is to be used.
Raka-Ray Agar, is based on the formula of Saha, Sondag and Middlekauff for the detection of lactic acid bacteria in beer and brewing processes1. Its use is recommended by the American Society of Brewing Chemists (ASBC) 2, and the European Brewing Convention (EBC)3.
Members of the family Lactobacillaceae occurring in the brewing process are important spoilage organisms because products arising from their growth and metabolism are often seriously detrimental to flavour. Detection is complicated by the diverse nutritional and environmental requirements of the family and a considerable number of formulations have been described arising from attempts to optimise conditions.
Raka-Ray 3 Medium1 was developed to enable brewers to monitor in-process beer quickly and accurately for a wide range of organisms including pediococci.
Investigations in which various combinations of growth stimulating agents were added to Universal Beer Agar led to the recognition of a number of agents including sorbitan mono-oleate, liver extract, yeast extract and N-acetyl glucosamine which gave superior results in respect of colony size, colony numbers and incubation time when compared with unmodified Universal Beer Agar.
These investigations provided the basis for the formula of Raka-Ray 3 Medium in which sorbitan mono-oleate is included as a stimulant for lactic acid bacteria in general4. Fructose is present as the essential carbohydrate source for Lactobacillus fructivorans 5 while maltose is present to detect lactobacilli which cannot utilise glucose6.
Detailed changes to the published Raka-Ray 3 formula are common, arising from attempts to further improve the performance for particular organisms and strains. Pediococci appear to have a universal ability to utilise glucose7. The value of partial substitution by glucose of the fructose content has been noted.
Selectivity is achieved by the addition of 3 gm/litre of 2-phenylethanol to inhibit Gram-negative organisms and 7 mg of cycloheximide to inhibit yeasts8.
In a review of the performance of various media, Van Keer et al.5 found that Raka-Ray 3 yielded the highest colony count and allowed the enumeration of the greatest number of strains within 48 hours from a total of 30 strains of Lactobacillus taken from different origins and incubated under semi-anaerobic conditions.
Hsu and Taparowsky 9, when comparing Raka-Ray 3 and MRS Agar found the Raka-Ray formulation to be superior for Pediococcus cerevisiae although it was not as efficient for Lactobacillus gayonii. In another study Hug, Schlienger and Pfenniger10 compared Raka-Ray 3 with a number of other Lactobacillus media including MRS and sucrose agars and concluded that Raka-Ray 3 and MRS were the best.
Surface Inoculation
0.1 ml of the sample is spread on agar plates. Incubate at 25-30°C under anaerobic conditions using the Oxoid Gas Generating Kit BR0038 with the Oxoid Anaerobic Jar, alternatively use Anaerogen AN0025 or AN0035. Anaerogen does not require the addition of water or the use of an active catalyst. Alternatively, the specimen can be filtered and the membrane placed on the agar surface for incubation.
Overlay Technique
Aseptically dispense 4 ml volumes of Raka-Ray Agar into small test tubes and keep molten in a water bath at 55°C.
Mix 1 ml of the test sample with 4ml of molten agar and immediately pour the contents into a petri dish containing 15-20 ml of solid Raka-Ray Agar to give well distributed colonies. Incubate under anaerobic conditions at 25-30°C.
Because the agar layer is very thin, individual colonies can be picked easily for further examination.
Incubation Conditions
An incubation period of 4 days is generally sufficient but slower growing organisms may require up to 7 days.
Because of the diversity of environmental conditions required for growth of lactic acid bacteria a semi-anaerobic atmosphere may be needed. This is achieved using Oxoid Gas Generating Kit BR0056 in the Oxoid Anaerobic Jar. Alternatively use CampyGen CN0025 or CN0035. CampyGen does not require the addition of water or the use of an active catalyst.
Storage conditions and Shelf life
Store the dehydrated medium at 10-30°C and use before the expiry date on the label.
Store the prepared medium at 2-8°C.
Dehydrated Medium: Straw coloured, free-flowing powder.
Prepared medium: Straw coloured gel.
Quality control
Positive controls:
Expected results
Lactobacillus fermentum ATCC® 9338
Good growth; white-cream coloured colonies.
Negative control:
Escherichia coli ATCC® 25922 *


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Товар был добавлен в наш каталог Четверг, 27 Февраля 2020

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